ARUSHA

Arusha

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Name: Arusha
Country: Tanzania

Arusha is a city in northern Tanzania, with a projected population of 1,288,088 including 516,000 for the Arusha District. The city is surrounded by some of Africa’s most famous landscapes and national parks. It is situated below Mount Meru on the eastern edge of the eastern branch of the Great Rift Valley, Arusha has a temperate climate. The city is close to Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, Lake Manyara, Olduvai Gorge, Tarangire National Park, Mount Kilimanjaro and Arusha National Park on Mount Meru.

Arusha is a major international diplomatic hub. The town was founded by German colonialists when the territory was part of German East Africa in 1900. A garrison town, it was named after the local tribe Wa-Arusha, who are known as Larusa by the Maasai.

The primary industry of the city is the service sector. The city hosts numerous small and large businesses, banking, retail and commercial enterprises thus making it the financial and cultural capital of the Arusha region. The city of Arusha is home to the largest manufacturing sector in the region with breweries, tyre manufacturing and agro-forest processing, and a large pharmaceuticals maker.

Tourism is also a major contributor to the economy of the city of Arusha, being the second largest contributor of income in Tanzania. Many documentary and feature-length films have been set in and around Arusha, including the 1962 Howard Hawks film Hatari! with John Wayne. Following this, some known actors and hunters, like Wayne, Hardy Kruger or Robert Taylor visited Arusha, staying in Hotels like the 1935 built Safari Hotel.

The city of Arusha is the headquarters of the East African Community, and plays host to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the African Court on Human and People’s Rights. It is also home to the famous Arusha International Conference Centre, host to many international meetings.

Arusha is mostly served by Kilimanjaro International Airport for international travellers, some 60 kilometres east, approximately halfway to Moshi. The airport provides international and domestic flights. Arusha Airport is in the west of the city and serves more than 87,000 passengers yearly. Travelling by road can be easily done through privately run coaches to Nairobi, Dodoma and Dar es Salaam, and other major cities in the nation.

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